History Of Basketball

The game of basketball was invented early in the year 1891. It was first played in Springfield, Massachusetts once it was introduced to the world by a renowned Canadian games instructor James Naismith. The purpose for introducing this game was to have a less harmful alternative to football. By the arrival of the 20th century, the game had already established a decent name for itself and was loved and played in several states of the world. In many states and universities of America and then throughout the world, it was made a national sport that had to be played. Later when basketball was being played for professional and international levels the American National Basketball Association popularly known as the NBA established in 1949. Since then basketball has become a part of the culture.

Invention of the game

Initially the game had a set of thirteen rules. There were made two groups of students with nine members in each group. The main purpose behind playing this game back in the day was to pick up a large sized ball and throw it directly into fruit baskets that had been nailed to the wall to create a net like illusion. Each time a member from each team scored the basket, the game had to be stopped altogether because the ball remained in the basket till it was physically removed after climbing on a ladder. In order to make playing the game easier with no distractions, a hole was cut out at the bottom of the basket. The very first official basketball game was played in the year 1892 on March 11th.

Back in the day even the rules were different, following is a set of the original rules first introduced:

Original rules

  • The ball could be thrown with both or one hand.
  • The ball had could be thrown in any direction.
  • Once a player got the ball, he could not run with it and would have to stay in one spot and throw it unless he catches it while running.
  • No pushing or holding was allowed during the game. Any injury inflicted would be considered a foul and would lead to disqualification.
  • Three consecutive fouls automatically gave the opponent team a score.
  • The umpire was declared the judge who had to take serious note of the fouls. He in turn had to inform the referee and ensure that the fouls were in fact legit and hence give the opponent team their deserving scores. This kept the team on their toes at all time and was the challenging aspect of playing the game itself.
  • No matter what problem arose, it was the referee who was the judge of all the fouls and the game itself. He decided which side the ball belonged to and who was to start the game after an unexpected halt. Even the goals were on his disposal, he had to keep a strict count of them. In a nutshell, the referee had all the basic responsibilities.
  • The game was held in halves that lasted up to 15 minutes. After each half the team was given 5 short minutes to catch their breath.
  • By the end of the game whoever had scored the maximum number of goals was declared the winner. Sometimes, in case of a draw, the team had to continue playing and whoever scored the first goal would win.

Though several rules are still the same, today we see a more contemporary and modified version of the game that was introduced a hundred and twenty four years ago.

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