Coffee is one of the most common beverages consumed around the world. People drink it either black or white. This means that it could be without or with milk respectively. Moreover, people have different sugar requirements. For instance, some people take black coffee with not added sugar and this helps them stay awake especially at night. In general, coffee is both a refreshing and stimulating drink. Below we discuss where coffee comes from as well as its history.

History of coffee

Two different accounts try to explain the discovery of coffee. The first account suggests that an Ethiopian discovered coffee and its effects in the 9th century. He did this due to excitement from his goats after consuming coffee beans during their grazing. Despite this early discovery, the first domesticated coffee plant is argued to have been done much later but still in Ethiopia. The other account credits Sheikh Omar of Yemen for the discovery. Prior to making his discovery, Omar prayed for people and cured them in the process. Unfortunately, he was exiled to a desert. It was during this exile that he had to find a means of survival and avoid dying of starvation. At some point he found shrubs with berries that were too bitter to eat. On roasting them, they were too hard to chew. Therefore, he boiled them and drank the resulting fluid. It was revitalising and kept him alive for days.

The source of coffee

In order for someone to enjoy a cup of coffee, the coffee plant has to be planted. It then grows over a number of months up to its maturation where it produces berries. When the berries are mature and ripe, they are harvested for processing. Picking of these berries has not yet been mechanized so it is done manually by hand. These berries then undergo the process of value addition. The flesh is removed by machines and then fermented. After fermentation, the berries are washed with water in order to remove residue due to the fermentation process. These berries are then dried. The best drying method involves natural drying on tables in the open. With air passing through the berries from all sides, they are able to dry uniformly. Once dried, coffee is roasted, graded, decaffeinated and then packaged for storage.

The process involved prior to having a cup of coffee on the table is quite long. However, the results of this process are quite enjoyable due to the delicious beverage drank by people across the world.

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