Saudi Arabia vs Morocco Democratization

Abstract

In the 1990s, Morocco started a period of “Democratic Transition” that appeared to be in standstill until the 2011 protests that swept through the Middle East and North Africa.

Whereas Islam continues to be an important force in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The vital institution of the Saudi Arabian Government is based on Islamic law (sharia).

Political Reforms (Saudi Arabia and Morocco)

Metropolitan elections are the first step towards the complete democratization of the Saudi political system. Regional and national elections are to be followed by local elections. All citizens of voting age should have the right to vote, regardless of gender, race, background or spiritual point of reference, at all levels of the self-governing process.

On the other hand in Morocco the political reforms reached a decline. In addition to economic conditions, cultural factors, and a lack of political will, primary structural challenges in Morocco hindered unlimited democratic reform.

Religious Freedom (Saudi Arabia and Morocco)

Religious freedom is an issue for the core in Saudi Arabia. It is forbidden to practice any other religion in Saudi Arabia other than Wahabism, which is the state-sanctioned elucidation of Islam.

Whereas in Morocco Islam is authorized religion, the Moroccan constitution formally guarantees religious autonomy for minorities. Jews and Christians openly practice their religion, but proselytizing is prohibited.

Women Rights (Saudi Arabia and Morocco)

Women in Saudi Arabia are less represented in political, social, economic and scientific fields. Saudi girls are not allowed to play games, which, by Saudi health official admission, is causing fitness problems and overwhelming operating cost.

Whereas the women of Morocco received three basic rights under the Muslims religion: the right to survive, the right to be privileged and to be valued as a mother. After Morocco's freedom from France, Moroccan women were able to start going to schools and live their life freely.

Minority Rights (Saudi Arabia and Morocco)

Religious minorities in Saudi Arabia face unfairness in services and schooling, and are forbidden to practice their religion openly. There are reports of verbal and physical mistreatment, especially of overseas women working as household servants in Saudi Arabia.

Whereas in Morocco minorities are given equal rights to practice their religion. No pressure from Government on minorities to stop practicing their religion.

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